When the water in your well has a pH value of below 7.0, it is considered acidic. Acidic water is highly corrosive and can cause detrimental plumbing damages, erode pipes, and leave stains on your bathtubs, sinks, and more.
Activated Carbon Filter
An activated carbon filter uses porous carbon to trap organic chemicals and chlorine.
The opposite of acidic, well water is considered alkaline when it has a pH value of above 7.0. Highly alkaline water can cause hard water, scale buildup, and can decrease the efficiency of your water heater.
Artesian water is groundwater under pressure from surrounding underground rocks that force it to the surface. This pressure is called artesian pressure.
While arsenic is a natural component of the Earth’s crust found in rocks, soil, air, and more. Arsenic is highly toxic and could cause arsenic poisoning, which typically makes people feel tired and depressed and is also associated with weight loss, nausea, and hair loss. Arsenic poisoning is often marked by white lines across your toenails and fingernails. The concentration of arsenic should be less than .01 mg/L
Bedrock is solid rock where the well casing is located. Aquifers inside bedrock are the water source for your well.
The borehole is the hole drilled to construct the well. Boreholes used as water wells are completed by installing a vertical pipe, the casing, and well screen to keep the borehole from caving.
Cable Tool Drilling
Cable tool drilling is a form of well drilling accomplished using a weighted string of drilling tools attached to a hoisting cable that is repeatedly lifted and dropped. The impact crushes material at the bottom of the borehole, which is cleared using a bailer.
Similar to how capillary blood vessels move around blood, capillary action is how liquid moves through porous spaces, such as soil and plant roots.
Casing is made of steel or plastic and is placed in the borehole to prevent it from collapsing as well as seal it off from surface water contamination.
The check valve is a one-way valve used to prevent the backflow of water when the system has been pressurized.
Chlorination is the act of disinfecting a well using chlorine bleach or calcium chloride tablets.
Coliform bacteria is a type of bacteria present in soil, aquatic environments and more. Coliform can be an indication of more serious pathogens in your well.
Cut-in pressure is a setting on a switch used to determine when the pump will turn on. Air pressure in the tank is set to two pounds below the cut-in pressure.
Cut Off Pressure
Cut-off pressure is a setting on the pressure switch used to determine when the pump will turn off. It needs to be set high enough to prevent the pump from short cycling.
A drainage basin is an area on land where precipitation runs into streams, rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. These are also called watersheds.
A well’s drawdown is the difference between the pumping water level and the static water level. The drawdown starts when the pump is turned on and increases until the well reaches a steady state.
A foot valve is a type of check valve that prevents the backflow of water while allowing the pump to use water from the well.
Groundwater is water that flows through soil or rocks and supplies springs and wells. Groundwater is stored in underground rock crevices and in the pores of material making up the Earth’s crust.
Hardness is a water-quality indication of the concentration of calcium and magnesium. Hard water requires the use of more soap, detergent, and shampoo.